Play Fair: Title IX Playbook for Victory

I know there’s something that’s just not fair here, but I don’t know what to do about it.

Lock Haven State College students supporting Title IX at United States Capitol, April 1979. Lock Haven State College students supporting Title IX at United States Capitol, April 1979.

Have you ever had that thought in relation to your school's sports program? Your high school might schedule the girls' basketball games on Thursday at 4:00 p.m. while the boys' games are always on Friday evenings at 8:00 p.m. Or your college may restrict the best facilities for use by the men's teams. Or the athletic department has been saying for years that there just isn't enough money for the women's soccer team to become varsity, even though they keep coming up with the money for other things.

Indeed, there is something wrong here, and it may be against the law. Girls and women in high schools and colleges have the right to equal opportunity in sports because of a federal law, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972. States' equal rights amendments, the Equal Protection clause of the 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution and other laws may also apply.

Yet many girls and women are denied opportunities or treated like second class citizens despite these protections. The more you know about the rights of girls and women in sports, the more you will be able to gain those opportunities.

This guide is aimed at helping athletes, coaches, parents, administrators and others to ensure that girls and women receive equal opportunities in high school and college sports. It concentrates on explaining the Title IX rules and regulations so that you can do an informal analysis of your school's athletic program. Once you have a better idea of what is and isn't allowed under Title IX, you will be able to use this knowledge to ask the athletic department, school board or other authority for change. It will also help you to decide if you wish to file a Title IX administrative complaint or a lawsuit.

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Published May 26, 2009
By Women's Sports Foundation


Sexual Harassment: The Foundation Position

The development and implementation of policies regarding sexual harassment help to create organizational climates in which women and girls feel free to report incidents of sexual harassment.


The Women's Sports Foundation acknowledges that abuse occurs in athletics and seeks to prevent its occurrence through the development of this policy and position statement.

Read the Press Release

APRIL 19, 2010: The Women’s Sports Foundation (WSF) named Professor Nancy Hogshead-Makar its Senior Director of Advocacy. The WSF was founded by Billie Jean King in 1974 as a driving force to attract girls and women to sport while promoting better health and education.


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