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Cheerleading, Drill Team, Danceline and Band As Varsity Sports

Content Summary

It has come to our attention that there are athletic governance associations, schools and colleges who are attempting to recognize drill team, cheerleading, danceline, marching bands, twirling and similar extracurricular activities as bona fide sports and varsity athletic program offerings in order to comply with Title IX. The purpose of this position paper is to comment on the use of an appropriate definition of varsity sport and the conditions under which physical activities should be considered sports for the purpose of compliance with Title IX of the 1972 Education Amendments Act.

Members of the Japan Women's College of Physical Education Cheerleading Club Tomboys perform during the Japan Cup 2008 Cheerleading Championship at Yoyogi Gymnasium on August 24, 2008 in Tokyo, Japan. (Photo by: Koichi Kamoshida/Getty Images)
Members of the Japan Women’s College of Physical Education Cheerleading Club Tomboys perform during the Japan Cup 2008 Cheerleading Championship at Yoyogi Gymnasium on August 24, 2008 in Tokyo, Japan. (Photo by: Koichi Kamoshida/Getty Images)

Cheerleading Drill Team and Band as Varsity Sports(pdf)(423.10 KB)

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