Participation of Transgender Athletes: The Foundation Position

 

Content Summary



The Equal Protection Clause of the U.S. Constitution and Title IX’s prohibitions against sex discrimination have both been interpreted by state and federal courts to encompass discrimination based on gender stereotyping, including discrimination against individuals because of their gender identity or expression (i.e. transgender athletes). Therefore, schools may face legal liability if they deny access to such student-athletes, even if no law explicitly addresses the issue.

Participation of Transgender Athletes in Women's Sports: The Foundation Position (PDF 623k)

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Published
By Women's Sports Foundation

EXPLORE FURTHER

Uniform Guidelines: The Foundation Position

Athletes should be afforded maximum flexibility in the choice of uniform fabrics and styles. Selection of appropriate sport competition and practice apparel is influenced by many factors that support this basic position.

Participation of Transgender Athletes

Prohibitions against sex discrimination have been interpreted by state and federal courts to encompass discrimination based on gender identity or expression.

Division I Football/Basketball Arms Race

Schools should be expected to retain all men's sports programs while they bring women's sports into compliance with Title IX.

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